Elijah ben Solomon


Elijah ben Solomon
(23 abr. 1720, Sielec, Lituania, Imperio ruso–9 oct. 1797, Vilna).

Erudito lituano y líder judío. Descendiente de un largo linaje de eruditos, viajó por Polonia y Alemania antes de establecerse en Vilna, el centro cultural de los judíos de Europa oriental. Rechazó el cargo de rabino y vivió recluido, dedicándose al estudio y la oración; no obstante ello, se convirtió en una figura célebre y respetada en la comunidad judía. Sus intereses académicos fueron la exégesis bíblica, los estudios talmúdicos, la medicina popular, la gramática y la filosofía. Opositor vehemente del hasidismo, censuró sus afirmaciones de milagros, visiones y éxtasis espirituales, y propuso en cambio el amor intelectual a Dios.

Elijah ben Solomon, grabado.
Picture from the photographic archive of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York, Frank J. Darmstaedter

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Elijah ben Solomon — born April 23, 1720, Sielec, Lith., Russian Empire died Oct. 9, 1797, Vilna Lithuanian scholar and Jewish leader. Born into a long line of scholars, he traveled in Poland and Germany before settling in Vilna, the cultural centre of eastern… …   Universalium

  • Elijah ben Solomon — n. Gaon of Vilna (1720 1797), one of the prominent Jewish spiritual leaders and scholar during the 18th century, one of the opposers to Hasidism …   English contemporary dictionary

  • ELIJAH BEN SOLOMON ZALMAN — (the Vilna Gaon or Elijah Gaon ; acronym Ha GRA = Ha Gaon Rabbi Eliyahu; 1720–1797), one of the greatest spiritual and intellectual leaders of Jewry in modern times. A man of iron will, Elijah combined the personal life of an intellectual hermit… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIJAH BEN SOLOMON HA-KOHEN — ELIJAH BEN SOLOMON HA KOHEN, Palestinian gaon from 1062 to 1083. His father Solomon was gaon from about 1020 to 1025 and was succeeded by solomon b. judah , who held that office until 1051. Elijah and his elder brother Joseph, who were very young …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIJAH BEN SOLOMON ABRAHAM HA-KOHEN OF SMYRNA — (d. 1729), one of the outstanding preachers of his time. Born in Smyrna, Elijah spent most of his life there as a preacher, dayyan, and rabbi. Elijah came from a family of rabbis and writers; his grandfather, R. Michael ha Kohen, wrote exegetical …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elijah ben Solomon Abraham ha-Kohen — (d. 1729) was dayyan of Smyrna, almoner and preacher. Works Elijah produced over 30 works, of which the principal, according to Wunderbar ( Orient, Lit. p. 579), are as follows: * Midrash Eliyahu, eleven funeral sermons and a commentary on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Elijah ben-Solomon Zalman — (the Vilna Gaon) (1720–97)    Lithuanian scholar. The Jewish community of Vilna, Lithuania, was founded in the 16th century. From the early 17th century it was renowned as a centre of Jewish learning, and Elijah was the greatest of its sons. He… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Elijah ben Solomon Zalman (Vilna Gaon) — (1720 97)    Lithuanian talmudist. After travelling throughout Poland and Germany he eventually settled in Vilna. He encouraged the translation of works on natural science, but was opposed to philosophy and the Haskalah. He also led the oppositon …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • ELIJAH BEN BARUCH (ben Solomon ben Abraham) THE ELDER — (d. before 1712), Karaite author. Elijah lived at first in Constantinople but is included by Simḥah Isaac Luẓki among the Karaite writers of the Crimea. Elijah subsequently visited Ereẓ Israel, and is therefore referred to as Yerushalmi. While in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIJAH BEN RAPHAEL SOLOMON HA-LEVI — (end of 18th and beginning of 19th century), Italian rabbi, author, kabbalist, and liturgical poet. Elijah was both a pupil and a colleague of isaac lampronti together with whom he studied under judah briel in Mantua. He was at first rabbi of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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